Biography of Abraham Lincoln Full Name, Age, Place of Birth, Education & Occupation
|Full Name||Abraham Lincoln|
|Born & Age||February 12, 1809|
|Place of Birth||Hardin County, Kentucky|
|Education||Morehouse College, Crozer Theological Seminary, and Boston University (Ph.D. in theology)|
|Occupation||16th President of the United States|
Biography of Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln was born to Thomas and Nancy Lincoln on February 12, 1809, in a one-room log cabin in Hardin County, Kentucky. He was the second of three kids and the only one who grew up. Lincoln was born into a low-income family and only got a primary education. He mainly taught himself and only went to school for a few years.
Lincoln moved to New Salem, Illinois, when he was 21. There, he worked as a store clerk, postmaster, and surveyor. He became interested in politics as well, and in 1834, he was elected to the Illinois legislature. During his time in the legislature, he studied law and was allowed to practice law in 1837.
Lincoln was elected as a Whig to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1846. During his one term, he became known as someone against the Mexican-American War and the spread of slavery into the territories.
After he was done with Congress, Lincoln returned to Illinois and worked as a lawyer. In 1858, he ran as a Republican for the U.S. Senate and lost. However, his speeches during the campaign made him a well-known figure across the country.
Lincoln became the 16th President of the United States in 1860. When he was elected, the United States was very split on the issue of slavery. The Confederate States of America was made up of several Southern states that broke away from the Union. Lincoln didn’t recognize the Confederacy, so the Civil War broke out in 1861.
During the Civil War, Lincoln was the leader of the Union Army. He was also in charge of the war effort. In 1863, he also issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which freed all enslaved people living in Confederate territory. He also ensured that the 13th Amendment, which ended slavery, was added to the Constitution.
As the war continued, Lincoln worried about the cost of lives and money, but he never changed his mind about how important it was to keep the Union together. In 1865, the Confederate armies were defeated, and Lincoln was re-elected as President. John Wilkes Booth killed him on April 14, 1865, just a few days after the Confederacy gave up. This cut short his second term.
Lincoln’s legacy includes keeping the Union together, getting rid of slavery, strengthening the federal government, and bringing the economy up to date. Many people think he was one of the best presidents of the United States. He is often put in the top three, along with George Washington and Franklin D. Roosevelt. Even now, people still read and study Lincoln’s speeches, like the Gettysburg Address.
Key Facts of Abraham Lincoln
- He was the 16th President of the United States. He led the country from March 1861 until April 1865, when he was killed.
- He led the U.S. through the Civil War, kept the country together, ended slavery, made the federal government stronger, and brought the economy up to date.
- Thomas and Nancy Lincoln brought him into the world in a one-room log cabin in Hardin County, Kentucky. He was the second of three kids and the only one who grew up.
- He went to school for only a few years and mainly taught himself.
- Before becoming a lawyer in Illinois, he helped on a farm, in a store, and split rails.
- Before becoming President in 1860, he was a member of the Illinois legislature and the U.S. House of Representatives.
- In 1863, he issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which said that all slaves in territory controlled by the Confederacy were now free. He also ensured that the 13th Amendment, which ended slavery, was added to the Constitution.
- He was re-elected President in 1865, but John Wilkes Booth killed him on April 14, 1865, cutting short his second term.
- Many people think he was one of the best presidents of the United States. He is often put in the top three, along with George Washington and Franklin D. Roosevelt.
- Even now, people still read and study Lincoln’s speeches, like the Gettysburg Address.
- People called him “Honest Abe” because of how strong he was as a leader and how honest he was.
- He was the first President of the United States to be killed.